WHERE DO BIOFILMS EXIST?
A WIDESPREAD PROBLEM
Biofilms affect nearly all aspects of human health, industry and food production and adhere to living tissue, natural and artificial surfaces, and to the community itself. The biofilm is often a complex polymicrobial environment that is implicated in bacterial infections involving implantable medical devices, periodontal disease, otitis media, rhinosinusitis, cystic fibrosis and chronic wounds. Biofilms are also responsible for a number of infections relating to indwelling medical devices, such as indwelling urinary catheters and catheter related blood stream infections from devices such as central venous catheters.6